Press Freedom in Europe is getting worse but MEPs unsure how to act - La Treizième Étoile: A blog on EU politics
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Press Freedom in Europe is getting worse but MEPs unsure how to act

Wednesday, 21 October 2009
The Freedom of the Press was in the spotlight again today as the European Parliament convened its session in Strasbourg to vote on draft resolutions to conclude the passionate debate held in Brussels earlier this month.

In that debate, MEPs speaking for the majority EPP Group as well as the ECR and EFD warned against using the European Union as a forum for settling national political issues. Joseph Daul, the leader of the EPP group, used his contribution time to deplore the use of the chamber for a topic of national rather than European nature and the invasion of what he called "partisan petty party politics".

So while half the chamber did not want the debate at all, the other half called for the debate to be enlarged to cover all countries of the European Union and not just Italy. The S&D, ALDE, Greens/EFA and GUE groups issued a call to the European Commission to draw up Europe-wide legislation on media pluralism.

A free media?

When it came to the voting this afternoon (21st), the overall title had been duly altered to include the other countries of the European Union, an alteration that reveals a certain sense of unity amongst all the groups.

However, when it came to the important votes, the chamber was divided - almost 50/50%. While the minor amendments of paragraphs were accepted, the overall draft resolutions were all voted down. Nine in all.

It is a result that illustrates that there is a general consensus that something should be done, but a disaccord as to how it should be done. The debate will certainly continue...

Press Freedom Index 2009

The timing of the votes could not have been more relevant as they came the day after the unveiling of the annual Press Freedom Index by the organisation Reporters Without Borders.

Revised every year and formulated on the basis of questionnaires completed by hundreds of journalists and media experts around the world, the 2009 results turned out to be rather gloomy reading for Europe.

In 2008, European countries represented 18 out of the top 20 countries in the World. This time around, they number only 15.

However, the top five countries of the world that respect the freedom of the press are European, namely: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway and Sweden.

Appearing at the head of the list is somewhat of a coup for Denmark whose journalists have faced great criticism in recent years after the publishing (and republishing in solidarity) of the now in-famous Mohammad cartoons.

UK 20th, Italy 49th

Italy, whose press situation was the initial subject of the debate at the European Parliament plenary meeting in Brussels earlier this month leading to today's resolution, fell five places down to 49th.

Bulgaria is the lowest ranked European country at 68th out of 175 countries. Last place was awarded to Eritrea where many journalists were imprisoned in the last 12 months.

Click to View Full SizeThe biggest rise up the table was that of the USA, which climbed 20 places in the rankings, from 40th to 20th, in just one year. RSF credit this to the "Obama Effect" saying that Barack Obama’s election as president and the fact that he has a less hawkish approach than his predecessor have had a lot to do with this rise.

Since 2008, the United Kingdom's press freedom note improved by 1.5 points, ranking it at joint 20th alongside the USA.

The full table can be viewed here.

The organisation's secretary-general Jean-François Julliard said at the release of the latest table that press freedom needs to be defended everywhere in the world "with the same energy and the same insistence".

“It is disturbing to see European democracies such as France, Italy and Slovakia fall steadily in the rankings year after year,” he said. “Europe should be setting an example as regards civil liberties. How can you condemn human rights violations abroad if you do not behave irreproachably at home?"

Vincent Brossel from Reporters Without Borders says Europe should be setting an example of strong civil liberties around the world, but in many European countries press freedom is moving backwards.

"Important countries in Europe like Italy or France or Spain have really, have lost all their ranks especially because of intervention by the chief of states, like [Italian Prime Minister] Berlusconi or [French President] Mr. Sarkozy," Brossel said.

This year’s index reflects press freedom violations that took place between September 1 2008 and August 31 2009.

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